Species Accounts

Phryxe nemea (Meigen, 1824)

Synonymsnemea (Meigen, 1824 - Tachina) [=bimaculata (Stephens, 1829 - Tachina), nomen nudum] [=quadricincta (Stephens, 1829 - Tachina), nomen nudum] [=quadricincta (Stephens in Walker, 1853 - Tachina)]
Comments7mm, black&grey, hairy eyes, orange scutellum, curved&raised apical scutellars. Very similar to P.vulgaris (male genitalia identical) but frons dusting is often mustard coloured.
Shaw & Ford (1991)Zygaena graslini Lederer: 1 female, 1., 9.iv.74, LEBANON [Beirut] (T.B.L.); Gonepteryx rhamni (L.): 1 female, p., 5.vii.82, 18.vii.82, Hampshire (B.T.P.); Aporia crataegi (L.): 1 female, p., 1962, FRANCE [Herault] (M.R.S.); Anthocharis cardamines (L.): b. of 3 males, p., 23.vi.88, 29.vi.88, 17.vii.88, and 1 female, p., 1986, iv.87, v.87, Hampshire (B.T.P.); Quercusia quercus (L.): 1 male, 2 females, from 2 1., vi.85, 16.vi.85, vii.85, Suffolk (M.A.H.); Strymonidia pruni (L.): 1 female, p., larva in open culture, vi.86, 23.vi.86, 1.vii.86, Hampshire (C.L.W.); 3 males, 1 female, v.83, v.83, 15-27.vi.83, WEST GERMANY [Bavaria] (H.G.S.); Vanessa atalanta (L.); b. of 1 male, 1 female, 1., 2.viii.76, 10.viii.76, 23.viii.76, Cornwall (M.R.S.); Epirrita dilutata (Denis & Schiffermuller): 1 male, 2 females, pp., 1.vi.78, 25.vi.78, 1978, London (R.A.S.); Operophtera brumata (L.): 1 female, pp., 1.vi.78, 10.vi.78, 27.vi.78, Berkshire (M.R.S.); Abraxas grossulariata (L.): 11 bs of 1-3 (7 males, 9 females em.), 1. and pp., 6.v.79, 5-22.vi.79, 25.vi-10.vii.79, Buckinghamshire (M.R.S.); 1 male, 1., 2.vi.80, 29.vi.80, vii.80, Oxfordshire (M.R.B.); 2 males, 1., 2-8.vi.81, Durham (T.C.D.); 1 male, 1 female, 1., 24.v.82, 12.vii.82, Berkshire (B.T.P.); 1 male, 1., 20.v.74, FRANCE [Seine Maritime] (G.S.); Apocheima pilosaria (Denis & Schiffermuller): 1 female, 1., vi.80, 15.vi.80, 1980, Middlesex (M.R.B.); Frannis defoliaria (Cterck): 1 male, pp., 12.vi.75, 24.vi.75, 8.vii.75, Cheshire (M.R.S.); 1 male, 1 female, 1., 11.v.75, 23.v.75, 6.vii.75, Kirkcudbrightshire (T.H.F.); 1 female, 1., 2.vi.80, 13.vi.80, 1980, Berkshire (M.R.B.); Agriopis aurantiaria (Hubner): 1 female, 1., 15.v.89, 26.v.89, 31 .vi.89, FRANCE [Fontainbleau Forest] (T.H.F.); ? Alcis repandata (L.): b. of 2 females, 1., 18.v.80, 1980, Berkshire (M.R.B.); indet. geometrid: 1 female, 1., 31.v.71, 3.vii.71, County Clare (E.C.P-C.); Dasychira pudibunda (L.): 1 female, 1., ix.31, Hampshire (T.E.D.P.); Mamestra brassicae (L.): b. of 4 males, 2 females, p., 18.ix.75, 24.iii.76, 6-18.iv.86, Yorkshire (T.H.F.); Lacanobia oleracea (L.): b. of 1 male, 2 females, p., 1987, v.1988, Dorset (M.M.B.) ? L. oleracea: 1 female, 1., viii.83, 3.x.83, Pembrokeshire (A.N.B.S.); ? Amphipyra sp.: 1 male, l., vi.81, 1981, Berkshire (N.H.); ? Fuplexia lucipara (L.): b.of 2 males, 1 female, 1., 15.viii.76, 1-4.x.76, Lancashire (M.R.S.); Plusia gamma (L.): b. of 2 females, p., 30.ix.75, 18.i.76, Cumbria (M.R.S.); 1 male, 1., 26.viii.87, x.87, Gwynnedd (T.H.F.). A polyphagous species, commonly bred in numbers from A. grossulariata in Britain.
Belshaw (1993)Usually gregarious. Hosts: a wide range of Lepidoptera larvae, usually avoiding strongly haired species (Herting, 1960). In Britain: Arctidae - Spilosoma lubricipeda (NHM). Geometridae - ?Alcis repandata (Ford & Shaw, 1991), Hydriomena impluviata (2), Abraxas sp. (Ford, 1973), Abraxas grossulariata (30 inc. 1 on Euonymus japonicus and 1 on black currant), Agniopis aurantiaria on Quercus (UMO), Apocheima pilosaria (Ford & Shaw, 1991), Epirrita dilutata (3 - inc. 2 on Quercus), Erannis defoliania (7 - inc. 1 on Quercus), Geometra papilionaria (NHM), Operophtera brumata (Hammond & Smith, 1955; Ford, 1976; Ford & Shaw, 1991), Semiothisa wauania (3). Lasiocampidae - Lasiocampa quercus (2). Lycaenidae - Quercusia quencus (9 - inc. 6 on Quercus), Strymonidia pruni (Ford & Shaw, 1991), S.w-album (3). Lymantriidae - Calliteara pudibunda (Ford & Shaw, 1991), Euproctis similis (Hammond & Smith, 1953 - on Crataegus oxyacantha). Noctuidae -?Amphipyra sp. (Ford & Shaw, 1991), ?Euplexia lucipara (Ford & Shaw, 1991), Abrostola triplasia (4), Acronicta psi (NHM), Amphipyra tragopoginis (UMM), Amphipyra pyramidea (BCM), Autographa gamma (4 - inc. 1 on nettle), Conistra ligula (NHM), Cosmia trapezina (UMO), Cosmia pyralina (UMM), Cucullia verbasci (3), Discestra trifolii (Ford, 1976), Hadena hicrunis (NHM), Hypena rostralis (Hammond & Smith, 1955 - on Humulus lupulus), Lacanobia olcracea (5), L.suasa (1 - NMW and BCM), Mamestra brassicae (Ford & Shaw, 1991), Melanchra persicaniae (2), Phiogophora meticulosa (9), Polychrysia moneta (NHM on Delphinium), Polymixis flavicincta (NHM). Nymphalidae - Aglais urticae (5 - inc. 2 on Urtica dioica), Mellicta athalia (NHM), Vanessa atalanta (Audcent, 1932; Ford & Shaw, 1991). Pieridae - Anthochanis cardamines (2 - Ford & Shaw, 1991), Gonepteryx rhamni (2). Pyralidae - Pleuroptya ruralis on Urtica dioica (Davies, 1986). Saturniidac - Pavonia pavonia (LM). Satyridae - Lasiommata megera (NHM). Sphingidae - ?Hyloicus pinastni (NHM). Thyatiridae - Thyatira batis (2). Yponomeutidac - Yponomeuta sp. (NHM). Zygaenidae - Zygaena filipendulae (NHM). In Europe also 2 records from sawfly larvae (Hymenoptera: Symphyta). A record from the earwig Forficuia aunicuiania (Dermaptera: Forficuhidac) (Hamm, 1942) is probably erroneous. British distribution: England, Wales, S.Scotland (Kirkcudbright*) N .Scotland and Ireland (Waterford, Clare*, Wicklow, Down* and Dublin). Habitat: usually deciduous woodland and scrub (Herting, 1960). Flight period: early May to early October, peaking May (at least 50 records). More than 1 generation per year.
Tschorsnig & Herting (1994)Temperate Europe to Sweden and Finland (in Southern Europe very rare); SH NS NW HE RP BW BY NB / A CH. Deciduous forest edges bushes hedges orchards. Several generations from Mid April to Mid October. On foliage in high-summer also on flowers; frequent. Very numerous Macrolepidoptera rare in a few Microlepidoptera; strongly hairy caterpillars are avoided.
JNCC review (1996)-
Shaw & Ford (2000)Zygaena loti (Denis & Schiffermuller): 1 male, ex larva, 18.vi.95, vi.95, 12.vii.95, Tiroran, Isle of Mull (DAB/RL); Euchloe ausonia (Hubner): 1 example, ex larva, 20.vii.97, viii.97, 19.viii.97, FRANCE [Col du Lautaret 2000m, Hautes-Alpes] (MRS); Quercusia quercus (L.): 1 female, ex larva, 6.vi.98, Thetford, Norfolk (GN); Strymonidia w-album (Knoch): 1 female, ex larva, v.93, vi.93, Hockham, Norfolk (GMH); 4 examples, ex pupae, 1997, Thetford, Norfolk (GN); Aglais urticae (L.): 1 female, ex pupa, 15.viii.97, 21.viii.97, 28.viii.97, Monk Sherborne, Hampshire (WG); Pararge aegeria (L.): 1 male, 1 female, ex larvae, iii.89, Worksop, Nottinghamshire (MCW); ? Habrosyne pyritoides (Hufnagel): brood of 1 male 1 female, ex prepupa, 4.ix.92, 25-26.ix.92, Church Gresley, Derbyshire (DB); ); indet. geometrid: 2 females, 3.vi.95, vi.95, FRANCE[St Sever, Calvados] (THF); Epirrita dilutata (Denis & Schiffermuller): brood of 2 females, ex pupa, 29.v.93, 12.vi.93, 4.vii.93, Budby, Nottinghamshire (THF); Operophtera brumata (L.): 1 female, ex larva or prepupa, 22.v.93, 29.v.93, 20.vi.93, Sheffield, South Yorkshire (THF); Agriopis leucophaearia (Denis & Schiffermuller): 1 female, ex larva, 2.vi.93, 10.vi.93, Sheffield, South Yorkshire (THF); Spilosoma lubricipeda (L.), semi-captive: 1 female, ex larva, 1997, Portslade, West Sussex (ARC); Melanchra persicariae (L.) on Pteridium: 1 female, 4.ix.94, ca v.95, Beeley Moor, Derbyshire (THF); Orthosia stabilis (Denis & Schiffermuller): brood of 2 females, 1.vii.95, 8.vii.95, 21.vii.95, Loch Arkaig, Argyll (THF); Phlogophora meticulosa (L.): brood of 4 males 3 females, and brood of 5 males 3 females, ex larvae, 20.vii.92, ca 14.viii.92, ix.92, Moss Valley, Derbyshire (THF); brood of 10 (2 males, 1 female examined), ex larva, 2.ix.93, 10.x.93, Beeley Moor, Derbyshire (THF); plusiine noctuid; 1 example, ex pupa, ix.97, x.97, Tangmere, Sussex (PJCR). Z. loti, E. ausonia and A. leucophaearia are new host records for this highly polyphagous parasitoid of exposed lepidoptera.
NBN code NBNSYS0000030261 BRC code 6104
StatusUnknown BENHS drawer3.2 18
* mapping provided courtesy of the National Biodiversity Network (NBN); all other content is copyright Chris Raper and respective authors/creators.

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.