|Synonyms||lota (Meigen, 1824 - Tachina)
immunita (Pandelle, 1896 - Exorista)]|
|Shaw & Ford (1991)||Deilephila elpenor (L.): 1 male, possibly part of a larger brood, 1., 1976, Hampshire (A.D.). Sphingidae are the chief hosts, with brood sizes of up to 27 known. Other large lepidopterous larvae have also been recorded as hosts.|
|Belshaw (1993)||Lays incubated eggs on the host, up to 27 adults reared from a single individual. Overwinters as a puparium in the ground.
Hosts: chiefly Deilephila elpenor larvae (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae). In Britain 6 records from this species, including 1 on Epilohium hirsutum. In Europe also single records from D.porcellus, Laothoe populi (Sphingidae) and the non-British Aglia tau (L.) (Lep.: Saturniidae).
British Distribution: S.England, Midlands (Hereford* and Derby), S.Scotland (Dunbarton*), N.Scotland (Inverness*) and Ireland (Mayo*).
Flight period: late June to late August (20 records). In Europe mid-June to early September, 1 generation per year (Herting, 1960).|
|Tschorsnig & Herting (1994)||Europe to Scandinavia; SH NS NW HE RP BW BY NB / A CH. Early June to End August 1 generation. In open areas usually rare more commonly reared from the host. Regularly from Deilephila elpenor L rarer also from D. porcellus L. or Smerinthus populi L. (Sphingidae).|
|JNCC review (1996)||DISTRIBUTION Southern and Central England (Devon, Somerset, Dorset, Hants, Surrey, Berks, Oxford, Hereford, Warwick, Derby), and Scotland (Dunbarton, Easterness).
HABITAT Woodland, heathland, calcareous grassland, and even in a garden.
ECOLOGY It has been reared from lepidopterous caterpillars mainly of the family Sphingidae, with the Large Elephant Hawk-moth (Deilephila elpenor) being the main host. Adults from June to September.
STATUS Post-1960 records include Devon (1963, 1969); Hants (1969, 1976); Surrey (1971); Herts (1963); Berks (1989); Warwick (1992).
THREAT Clearance of woodlands for agriculture or intensive forestry; changes in the management of heathland and grassland, with a resultant loss in the floristic diversity through scrub invasion or excessive grazing.
MANAGEMENT Maintain open rides and clearings in woods and a mosaic of vegetation types on heathland and grassland, using rotational management regimes if necessary.|
|Shaw & Ford (2000)||-|
||BENHS drawer||2.6 -